The 6 Signs
Gum disease is generally caused by a large build-up of bacterial plaque that results in a colourless, sticky film. Gross! You may not even be aware you have gum disease, as it is rarely painful. The 6 common signs include:
- Bleeding gums while brushing your teeth
- Bad breath or taste in your mouth
- Redness & swelling
- Receding gums
- Sensitive teeth
- Loose teeth
Types of Gum Disease
Gingivitis inflames and irritates gums when plaque is not cleaned from the teeth regularly. This only affects the gums, causing them to become red and swollen. Bleeding while brushing is also common with gingivitis. Thankfully, the condition can be reversed if properly treated. However, if left alone, it may lead to something more serious!
If gingivitis is not treated, it may progress to periodontitis. This causes the gums to recede and leave pockets around teeth and trap even more plaque! Your own immune system can also become your worst enemy, trying to attack it’s own cell tissue and causing even more damage! Periodontitis may lead to teeth falling out or having to be removed if left untreated.
Depending on the severity of your gum disease, there are certain treatments that a dentist can provide to bring your gums and teeth back to life. If there is only minimal damage, a thorough cleaning called scaling will properly remove plaque and have you smiling again. However, you may need several appointments if the gum disease has progressed or gum surgery for more extreme cases. This usually involves needles, which is never a pleasant experience.
Don’t despair! There are plenty of ways to minimise your risk of gum disease and save yourself the pain and financial sting. These teeth-saving methods are:
- Making sure to brush & floss every single day
- Use mouthwash to get rid of the plaque you can’t reach
- If you have partial dentures, don’t wear them while sleeping
- Visit your local dentist regularly to get tips on the correct way to brush your teeth
There are also other factors that may make you more susceptible to gum disease such as:
- Conditions & medications that weaken your immune system
- Genetics or ethnicity
When was the last time you had a dental check-up? You can book an appointment with your local Cassowary Coast dentist.
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